Mobilizing Communities

"Honor King : End Racism"

From the Collection, © Ernest C. Withers Trust

Thousands of supporters attended the memorial service for Martin Luther King, Jr. in Memphis on May 2, 1968, to launch the Poor People's Campaign in honor of King’s final dream. Coretta Scott King and Ralph Abernathy, King's closest friend and successor as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, led the ceremony. 

A black-and-white photograph of a African American male holding "Honor King: End Racism!" placard in a crowd of people in Memphis.

An African American man holds an "Honor King: End Racism!" placard in a crowd of people in Memphis at Dr. King's funeral.

From the Colleciton, © Burk Uzzle 

Following King's memorial service, Abernathy and Scott King launched the Freedom Train, the first caravan of the Poor People’s Campaign in which 300 people boarded buses bound for Marks, Mississippi. Organizers recruited participants over the course of the campaign through posters, print articles, and brochures.

Pinback button for the Poor People's Campaign

A round pinback button featuring a black and white portrait of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in the center.

From the Collection, Gift of Linda and Artis Cason 

Abernathy wrote in his autobiography that a visit to a small school in Marks, Mississippi, impacted King’s determination to make poverty a national human rights concern. Abernathy and King met with students who shared sliced apples as their only lunch time meal. Marks would become an inspiring symbol for the poor people’s movement.