Latinx Objects in the NMAAHC Collection

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Welcome to the National Museum of African American History and Culture’s Latinx collection online.

The National Museum of African American History and Culture presents American history through an African American lens. Latinx history is American history and the NMAAHC is committed to collecting, documenting, interpreting, and preserving Latinx history and culture as an integral part of that American story. Black history is globally created and globally impactful. A shared legacy of the transatlantic slave trade connects the histories and cultures of the United States, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Further, Latinxs and Latin Americans—black and non-black—have historically contributed to and have been shaped by African American culture, including performing arts, music, literature, sports, and political movements. Conversely, African Americans have influenced Latinx and Latin American art, history, and culture as well. Articulating these connections across the African Diaspora affirms black American history as multicultural and inclusive of Latinx experiences.

The Latinx-related objects and archival collections at the National Museum of African American History and Culture traverse racial identifications and national boundaries. This online portal is a guide to exploring the diversity of our Latinx-related holdings.

Note: To be as inclusive in language as we are in our collecting, we use the gender-neutral term Latinx, as an alternative to Latino or Latina, to describe people and cultures of Latin American heritage in the United States.

Pinback button for the Chicago Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression, after 1973

2013.68.19

 

Gift of T. Rasul Murray

SEARCHING ONLINE RECORDS

Use this guide to search the NMAAHC collection for Latinx-related objects:

Activism and Solidarity

Explore objects related to The Young Lords Movement and The Chicano Movement, as well as objects from broad social justice and political movements built on African American and Latinx Solidarity.

Arts, Music and Culture

Search objects related to the Nuyorican Movement, the cultural and intellectual movement of poets, writers, musicians, and artists who are Puerto Rican or of Puerto Rican descent in New York City. You can also explore objects related to genres of Latin music such as calypso, salsa, Latin jazz, and hip hop.

The History of Latin America

Find objects related to Slavery and Colonialism in Latin America or discover objects relating to the history of U.S. and Latin American relations or the African Diaspora in Latin America. You can also see objects related to the process and idea of Decolonization as related to Latin America, the United States, and the world.

OBJECT HIGHLIGHT

These four panels are part of a twelve-panel mural created and displayed in the Resurrection City encampment on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. This mural illustrates the role and impact of the Latinx community in the 1968 Poor People's Campaign.

Photograph of Duke Ellington and his band.
01/01

Harmonious Mixes/ Mezclas Armoniosas

Latin jazz was born of the communal harmonies between African Americans, Latin Americans, and Caribbean musicians.
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This project received federal support from the Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center.
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INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS FROM LATINX-RELATED COMMUNITIES

The NMAAHC collection holds objects relating to individuals and organizations representing diverse Latinx-related identities and communities. The list below contains a selection of such individuals from within our online collection. This list will continue to expand as we add more materials online. Click on a name to learn more about the person and explore related objects.

CATALOGING NOTES

The collecting, processing, and cataloging of Latinx objects is an ongoing process. This page will be updated as more objects are added to the online collection. Please contact us at NMAAHCDigiTeam@si.edu with any corrections, additional information, or feedback.

Top image: A Young Lords Party Rally at Queens County Jail, 1969. Photograph by Hiram Maristany. © Hiram Maristany. 2014.220.1