This is a hardcover book, crimson in color, with extensive illustrations on the front cover. The title is written on a waving gold banner located in the top half of the front cover; the banner appears to be apart of a collage of military paraphernalia drawn in contrasting black ink, including a drum, saber, musket, and flag pole, which begins at a lower point on the cover. These items appear to have been pushed through an illustrated gaping hole of sunlight in the bottom right quadrant of the front cover. On the spine of the book is the title engraved in gold leaf in horizontally oriented text which reads [THE/HISTORY/OF THE/BLACK/PHALANX]. Below the title is a gold leaf shield filled with black text which reads [AMERICAN/PUBLISHING/COMPANY,/HARTFORD/CONN.].
This hardcover book is covered in a green, waved pattern. The front cover has two gold leaf design-detailed bands which are placed close to the top and bottom edge of the front cover. In the center of the front cover is an oval-shaped portrait of Phillis Wheatley seated at a desk with parchment in her left hand. The portrait is encircled by a gold leaf ribbon. Above and below the portrait are lines of gold script. The first line reads [The Poems of]. The second line reads [Phillis Wheatley].