The oral history consists of nine digital files: 2011.174.103.1a, 2011.174.103.1b, 2011.174.103.1c, 2011.174.103.1d, 2011.174.103.1e, 2011.174.103.1f, 2011.174.103.1g, 2011.174.103.1h, 2011.174.103.1i.
John Carlos, Ph. D. discusses his childhood in Harlem, New York, the changes that he saw in Harlem with the widespread use of heroin and the splintering of families, and describes the disparities in education for black children when he was growing up. He remembers the influence of black leaders including Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X, and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Carlos was recruited to run track at East Texas State University, where he experienced racial discrimination and was treated poorly by his coach. He explains his protest at the 1968 Olympics, including the symbols that he and Tommie Smith employed to protest racial discrimination, and he describes the emotional impact that the protest had on him.
The oral history consists of 2016.129.18.1a and 2016.129.18.2a: two versions (unedited, and edited) of a single digital video recording.
Dr. Charles D. Kleymeyer was interviewed as part of the NMAAHC Donor Oral History Collection. Dr. Kleymeyer is a close friend and research partner of Juan Garcia. Juan Garcia Salazar, an Afro-Ecuadorean, donated the very first item to the National Museum of African American History and Culture, a carved stool of clear tropical hardwood etched with a spider web motif, symbolizing West African folklore character, Anansi the Spider. This item is featured in our Cultural Expression Gallery. Dr. Kleymeyer, who lives in the DC Metropolitan area, has often acted as interpreter for Garcia Salazar and was present when the stool was delivered to NMAAHC Director Lonnie Bunch.
In this oral history interview Dr. Charles D. Kleymeyer discusses his life and work at length, including his memories of growing up near the African American community of Lyles Station in Indiana and the extensive work he did for many years with African and Indigenous peoples in Ecuador while working for the Inter-American Foundation (IAF). It was his work with the IAF that brought him into contact with Juan Garcia Salazar and he discusses their relationship in detail.
Unedited File: Unedited digital file of oral history interview. This file is necessary in case we need to refer to the original recording for any reason and/or want to use a portion of the file that has been edited out.
Edited File: Videographer has minimized or eliminated interruptions, false starts and any unnecessary sounds. An agreed upon slate has also been added with title, date, and logo. Separate files of the same interview have been concatenated. This is the copy that will be made available to the public and/or researchers and uploaded to the website.