A black-and-white photographic postcard of an elderly man gathering possessions after the 1908 race riot in Springfield, Illinois. The man is depicted in the center of the image, outside of what appears to be a residential structure, amid a scattering of furniture, clothing, and other domestic objects. The man holds a small drawer of possessions in his proper left hand, against his proper left hip. In front of him is what appears to be dresser drawers stacked in the grass and full of tangled pieces of clothing and an upturned chair. Behind him, a small table piled with more random belongings and a chair sit in front of a tree. To the right side of the image, closer to the street, is a larger table with cookware and other items on it. In front of the table, standing in the street, are two white men, both looking towards the camera. The men are dressed in dark pants, jackets, and hats. The scene is in front of a single story dwelling with wooden siding, an open doorway, and two shutter-less windows. Written in white at the bottom of the image is [Old negro saving few articles after mob violence, many were destitute and homeless]. There is a small, round loss in the left side of the photograph, top center.
The postcard is unused and has a divided back with a space marked as [CORRESPONDENCE HERE] and a space marked as [NAME AND ADDRESS HERE]. The postcard is printed on AZO paper, with an AZO stamp mark in the upper right corner of the back. A handwritten inscription in graphite along the top of the back reads [Old Negro saving few articles after mob violence most went destitute and homeless. (SPRINGFIELD RACE RIOT ILL.)].
A black-and-white photograph of men seated and standing in front of a doorway. They wear coats, many wear ties, and several hold bowler and top-hats. At the bottom right of the photograph is the address, "11th and Pa. Ave. N.W., Washington, D.C." Below the photograph is written "Republican Notification Comittee / Washington, D.C., / Monday, June 20th 1892." Frederick Douglass stands at the back, just left of the doorway.
A black and white photograph of the Oberlin Academy Preparatory School Class of 1892. There are three (3) rows of students. The first row is one (1) girl in a white dress. Her hair is pulled back and she has curls in the front. She appears to be kneeling on the ground.
The middle row contains four (4) girls in white dresses. They are sitting down. The girl on the far proper right side has her hair pulled back with curls in the front. The girl to her left has curly hair which is also pulled back. The two girls to her left do not have curls, but their hair is pulled back with a bow.
The back row contains six (6) students. Three girls in white dresses and three boys in black suits. The boy in the middle is also wearing a black tie. There are two (2) girls on the proper right side. They have their hair pulled back with curls in the front. Eva Dyson is the female student on the proper left side. Her hair is pulled back as well. The boy to her right is wearing glasses.
The photo was taken in an interior setting. A rug, a chair, and some plants can be seen. All of the students are holding what appears to be a diploma in their hands. The photograph is mounted on a black board. The board appears to be marbled because of age and some of the corners are torn.
The image appears to have yellowed with age.
There are some spots on the back of the board. There is also a diagonal white label on the proper left side of the board. It reads [1892 Graduation/10.- DC] in pencil.
A black and white team photograph of baseball players from Chase County High School in Kansas. There are three (3) rows of boys. The two (2) boys in the front row center are sitting cross-legged and the two (2) boys on the sides are lying on their sides, with their legs facing out. They have their outer arms resting on their legs and their inner arms are on the floor, propping them up. The front row contains the only African American player. He is second from the proper left side and is holding a baseball in his hands. The other sitting player to his right has a catcher's mask in front of him. There are two baseballs in the shape of an "X" on the ground in front of them.
The middle row contains five (5) players kneeling on the ground. The player on the far proper right has his hands on his hips, the player in the middle has his hands in front of him, and the player on the far proper left has his arms on his side.
The back row contains four (4) people standing. The boy second from the proper right side is also a player on the team. The other three (3) boys are wearing suits. They are wearing neck ties, except for the boy on the proper right side, who is wearing a bow tie. They are standing in front of a backdrop. The backdrop, which has an unidentifiable image on it, is placed in front of a paneled wall. The boy second from the proper left is Oliver Howard Horner.
All of the players are wearing the same uniforms. The button down shirts have collars and have sleeves that end around the elbows. The shirts have letters across the chest. A "C." on the proper right side, a "C." in the center, and a "H.S." on the proper left side. The boys are wearing quilted pants with belts and black and white striped baseball socks. Several of the players are also wearing their baseball gloves. Many of the players are wearing white long sleeve shirts under their uniform shirts.
The photograph is dry mounted on a black board. The bottom proper right corner of the board is missing. There are several areas where the black part of the board has peeled off. The back of the board is grey. There are no markings on the back. In several areas on the sides and corners the grey has peel off a bit.
A cabinet card with a black-and-white print of an unidentified man drinking from a jug while sitting in a wagon. The Conestoga wagon is missing its canvas cover so that the man is fully visible seated in the bed between the exposed ribs. His feet are propped up on the proper right front wheel and he holds a large ceramic jug up to his lips to drink. The wagon is drawn by two oxen that are significantly different in size. The wagon is parked in a dirt street with several store fronts visible along a brick sidewalk in the background. A group of white men in suits stand in front of the nearest storefront to the wagon in the right background. The title "White Man's Bar" is printed in white in the lower right corner of the image, inferring that the African American man in the wagon is drinking alcohol in the street because he is not allowed into the whites only bar. The series title and photographer name are printed in dark blue ink on the bottom and sides of the mount. A descriptive narrative about the series, "The Land of the Sky," is printed in black ink on the back of the tan card mount.
This gelatin silver print depicts a black and white image of a man and woman sitting on a bench in front of a store. The man is sitting on the right and wears a large hat, long sleeve shirt and pants. He is holding a harness in his hand. The woman next to him is holding a bundle of fabric in her lap. She is wearing a dark-colored coat and a dress or skirt. They are both looking at the camera. The words painted on the store window behind them read [OLD MONROE]. There are two hand drawn vertical lines on the back of the photograph.
The Springfield Race Riot took place August 14-16, 1908 when a mob of thousands of white Americans and European immigrants who, incensed over two reported assaults on white women by black men, carried out a series of violent attacks against the African American community in Springfield, Illinois. The mob destroyed homes, black-owned businesses, and the businesses of whites who appeared too sympathetic to African Americans. The state militia was called in an attempt to maintain order, and at least nine black residents died. The victims included Scott Burton, an African American barber who attempted to defend his home, and William Donnegan, an 84-year-old cobbler who was married to a white woman. Both men were lynched. The violent race riot in a Northern city was a catalyst for the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in early 1909.
This black, rectangular photograph album contains sepia-toned black and white photographs depicting the aftermath of the Springfield Illinois race riot, with hand-drawn illustrations and captions.
Gilt lettering on the front of the album reads [Photographs]. The album consists of 30 black paper leaves; the first two leaves consist of the illustrated title and dedication pages. The title page reads [IN THE WAKE / OF THE MOB / An Illustrated / Story of / Riot Ruin / and Rage] in decorative, hand-lettering set in ornate decorative detailing, all in white album ink. The white ink of the title page has partially transferred to the inside cover opposite. The dedication page reads [Fondly / dedicated / To / Madolin / 1909] in decorative hand-lettering. The remaining twenty-eight black leaves each have one or two photographs mounted on the front, surrounded by ornate hand drawn illustrations and hand-lettered manuscript captions in white album pen. Some of these illustrations are geometric designs, others are floral and vegetative. Most of the photo images are also captioned in the negative in white text.
The scenes depicted in the photographs include damages caused to neighborhoods, homes, and businesses during the riot, including barber shops, saloons, Fishman's pawnshop, and the Star Theatre. The photograph depicting the damaged interior of a shop has a caption reading [Interior Fishman's Pawn Shop. Wrecked by Mob for alleged sympathy with Negros.].There are also scenes of people dealing with the aftermath, including a man salvaging belongings outside his burnt home and another of several individuals outside of damaged homes with a caption reading [Negro Man and Woman eating dry bread for breakfast!]. Several photographs depict the sites of lynchings. One photograph of the exterior of a damaged, two story building with the remains of a burned tree in front has a caption that reads, [Saloon Wrecked and Partly Burned / Tree on which Negro was hanged].
On the back cover of the album is a small rectangular label reading [HOUSH ALBUM / MORG 710 1/230 / BLACK LEAVES / The House Co., Makers Boston].
A black and white photograph of a theatre production. On the proper right side a boy is sitting in a chair. He is wearing a suit and tie. His legs are crossed at the ankles and his hands are on his lap. There is a boy standing behind him. He is wearing a white chef's coat and hat, and is wearing blackface. On the proper left there is a girl sitting in a chair. She is wearing a fancy white ruffled dress. Her dark hair is pulled back and is parted in the middle. Her hands are folded on her lap and she has a bracelet on her proper left arm. There is a girl standing behind her with a striped dress, an apron, and a headscarf. She is also wearing blackface. The boy sitting in the chair is Oliver Howard Horner.
Part of a doorway is visible on the proper right side. It is mostly covered by a folding screen with floral fabric. There is also a folding screen with fabric on the proper left side. There is fabric hanging on the wall in the center and there is a fake fireplace in the middle. It is made with fabric and hand drawn bricks with a hand drawn grate in the center. There is black fabric draped on top for a mantle. There are two pictures on top of the "mantle" and there is also a picture hanging on the wall on the proper left side.
The photograph is dry mounted on a dark grey board. The bottom proper right corner of the board is missing. There are several areas along the edges where the grey part of the board has peeled off. The back of the board is grey. There is a long white stain in the center at the bottom. The corners have peeled of slightly.
Black and white photograph of the lynching of Allen Brooks in Dallas, Texas on March 3, 1910. The image is taken from an elevated perspective. A large crowd of people are visible in the foreground and the hanged body of Brooks is visible just above the crowd in the background. On the back of the photograph is a stamp from the Dallas Public Library.