Bond dated 1852 from Virginia Central Railroad Company promising to pay $100 to Robert King of Albemarle [Virginia?] "for the hire of Negro Harry" "to be employed on the Virginia Central Railroad, and to be returned well clothed in the usual way and with a Hat and Blanket." Signed: "[?] Fontaine", Pres't" Many inscriptions on reverse indicating the bond was cashed.
Handwritten ship's manifest, detailing the transport of ninety-two (92) enslaved persons. It is a single sheet of white paper folded in half, with text handwritten in black ink on all pages. On the first page is a sworn, signed statement that the slaves named within the document were not imported after January 1, 1808. Inside and on the back page, the names of ninety-two (92) enslaved persons are listed along with information on "Age," "Feet," "Inch," and "Colour." The paper is creased twice horizontally as if to fold it into thirds. There is a hole at the center that extends through all pages.
To Visit Your Husband: Harriet Lawson’s Pass, 1832
Harriet Lawson carried this pass to visit her husband, Caleb, at work in a nearby town. As free blacks, the Lawsons could legally marry, but Maryland placed limits on their liberty. If they traveled without a pass, they could be fined $20 or sold into slavery.
The Back of Lawson’s Pass
If stopped, Lawson would face the humiliation of being physically inspected. This pass described her as: “Black, 29 yrs of age five feet high has a mole on the right side of her right eye no other perceptible mark.”
Source: Nancy Bercaw, Curator, Slavery and Freedom
A free woman's pass for a free African American woman, Harriet Lawson, to visit her husband Caleb Lawson, signed in Frederick County, Maryland, on May 21, 1832. Davis Richardson is listed as the witness. The pass is on a single sheet of paper. There is handwriting in ink on both recto and verso, handwriting in pencil on verso only. The proper right side has discoloration and abrasions with loss of paper along the edge but no apparent loss of text. The ink writing from the verso side is visible faintly through to the recto side. Creases remain from the pass having been folded twice, once lengthwise and once widthwise.