Written by
Unidentified
Signed by
Louverture, Toussaint, Haitian, 1743 - 1803
Received by
Vincent, Charles Humbert Marie, French, 1753 - 1831
Date
October 21, 1797
Medium
ink on paper
Dimensions
H x W (a): 12 1/16 × 7 13/16 in. (30.6 × 19.8 cm)
H x W (b): 12 1/8 × 7 13/16 in. (30.8 × 19.8 cm)
Caption
Toussaint Louverture campaigned tirelessly on behalf of slaves during the Haitian Revolution, and his actions helped push France to abolish slavery in all its colonies in 1794. He wrote this letter in response to a speech in French parliament calling for slavery's restoration on Saint-Domingue. He warned the French that he would fight for Haitian independence if France ever revoked abolition.
Description
A letter signed by Toussaint Louverture to Charles Humbert Marie Vincent from Cap-Français (now Cap-Haïtien), Haiti, on October 21, 1797. The text itself was recorded by a scribe as Louverture's written French was limited, though the content comprises his own thoughts. At the top of the first page is pre-printed letterhead for Toussaint Louverture, Chief General of the Army of Saint-Domingue. The letter is handwritten in black ink on the front and back sides of two (2) sheets of paper. The contents of the letter are in regards to ongoing conflicts in the French colony of Saint Domingue, later the free nation of Haiti, and military leader Louverture's dissatisfaction with a speech given in the French parliament earlier in 1797 in which Viénot de Vaublanc spoke against abolition and people of African descent as uncivilized.
Transcription Center Status
Transcription Available
Place made
Cap-Haïtien, Nord, Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Place used
France, Europe
Classification
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Movement
Anti-slavery movements
Type
letters (correspondence)
Topic
Antislavery
Colonialism
Correspondence
Decolonization
Freedom
French colonialism
Government
Justice
Military
Resistance
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number
2009.26.2ab
Restrictions & Rights
public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
GUID
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd540214d54-1b2a-4958-bd0b-0f20e1f0314b

Cataloging is an ongoing process and we may update this record as we conduct additional research and review. If you have more information about this object, please contact us at NMAAHCDigiTeam@si.edu

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