Written by
Stevens, James, Bahamian
Received by
Addison, John, British
Signed by
Sutherland, Dan, British
Stevens, John, British
February 8, 1799
ink on paper (fiber product)
L x W: 13 5/8 x 8 1/8 in. (34.6 x 20.6 cm)
This is a Bahamian bill of sale for two enslaved individuals, Trim and Flora. The seller, James Stevens notes that the buyer, John Addison will benefit from Flora’s future “increase,” a term enslavers used to value unborn children of slaves.
A partially typed, partially handwritten Bahamian bill of sale for [a certain negroe man slave named Trim] and a [negroe woman slave named Flora]. Trim and Flora were sold to John Addison from J. James Stevens on February 8, 1799 on the Bahamian Island of Nassau. The middle of the bill includes language on [the future issue and increase] of Flora. The bottom is signed by witnesses Dan Sutherland, John Stevens and the seller, James Stevens.
On the upper portion of the back of the document, James Stevens has confirmed that John Addison received the document on February 8th 1799 and [John Addison note of hand for the within payable in six weeks]. James Stevens has signed his name below this statement.
The lower portion of the back of the document has a short summary of the sale of Trim and Flora by James Stevens to John Addison for 220 British pounds.
The document has four distinct horizontal crease lines showing it has been folded into fourths. The outer edges of the fourths are torn and deteriorating.
Place used
Nassau, Bahamas, Caribbean, North and Central America
Cultural Place
England, Europe
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
bills of sale
British colonialism
Domestic slave trade
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number
Restrictions & Rights
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.

Cataloging is an ongoing process and we may update this record as we conduct additional research and review. If you have more information about this object, please contact us at NMAAHCDigiTeam@si.edu

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