On View
Segregation Gallery
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
Recorded by
Fisk Jubilee Singers, American, founded 1871
Created by
Columbia Records, American, founded 1888
Subject of
Thomas, Benjamin W.
Loudin, Frederick J., 1836 - 1904
Sheppard, Ella, American, 1851 - 1915
Alexander, Hinton D., American
Rutling, Thomas, American, born 1854
Porter, Maggie L., American, born 1853
Jackson, Jennie, American, 1852 - 1910
Jackson, Julia, American, died 1890
Gordon, Georgia, American, 1855 - 1913
Robinson, America W., American, 1855 - 1912
1870s; ca. 1909
mat board with photographic materials , vinyl
H x W (in frame): 15 × 22 × 1 in. (38.1 × 55.9 × 2.5 cm)
H x W (black and white photograph): 5 3/4 × 9 in. (14.6 × 22.9 cm)
Diameter (vinyl): 9 15/16 in. (25.2 cm)
A framed black-and-white photograph and vinyl record. Both are framed in white matting. The black-and-white photograph is positioned above the record.
2010.59.2a: The black-and-white photograph depicts a group of four men and five women in early 1900s attire. Some of the men and women sit, while other stand. The photograph was taken in the 1870s.
2010.59.2b: The black vinyl 78 rpm record is below the photographic print. It has a blue Columbia label in its center which reads: [Oh! Reign Massa Jesus Reign / Sung by / Fisk University Jubilee Singers / A2901 / 78901]. Additional writing detailing the price, music type, and the maker is also on the label. [78901] is etched into the vinyl.
Media Arts-Audio Recordings
Media Arts-Photography
frames (furnishings)
78 rpm records
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)
Spirituals (Music)
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number
Restrictions & Rights
No Known Copyright Restrictions
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