Created by
Used by
Kennedy, Stetson, American, 1916 - 2011
Signed by
Ku Klux Klan, 2nd, American, 1915 - 1944
cotton and rayon
H x W (hood): 28 1/4 × 13 in. (71.8 × 33 cm)
H x W (hood liner): 14 3/4 × 11 1/2 in. (37.5 × 29.2 cm)
A Ku Klux Klan (KKK) (a) hood with attached mask and a (b) hood liner, belonging to 2011.144.2.1ab, a robe, worn by the Night Hawk rank officers, whose main role is to act as security at "klonvocations." The hood, mask, and liner are part of a set of Night Hawk’s regalia worn by writer and human rights activist Stetson Kennedy, who infiltrated the Ku Klux Klan in the 1940s, exposing its secrets to authorities and the outside world. The hood is conical-shaped with a back flap with squared corners. It has been made from the same plain, navy blue cotton fabric as the robe (2011.144.2.1ab) and has a burgundy colored, rayon tassel attached at the point of the hood. Four (4) centimeter wide, round eyeholes have been cut out of the front of the mask.
The hood liner (b) is made from stiff white, canvas with a drawstring at the crown.
Objects depicting symbols of hate or related to organized hate groups may be offensive and disturbing, but the NMAAHC aims to include them in the Collection to present and preserve the historical context in which they were created and used. Objects of this type provide an important historical record from which to study and evaluate history and culture.
Place used
Florida, United States, North and Central America
hoods (headgear)
American South
Associations and institutions
Clothing and dress
Fraternal organizations
Social reform
U.S. History, 1933-1945
U.S. History, 1945-1953
U.S. History, 1953-1961
U.S. History, 1961-1969
U.S. History, 1969-2001
U.S. History, 2001-
White supremacy movements
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Sandra A. Parks, wife of Stetson Kennedy
Object number
Restrictions & Rights
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.

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