Written by
Simmons, William Joseph, American, 1880 - 1945
Published by
Ku Klux Klan, 2nd, American, 1915 - 1944
ca. 1916
ink on paper
H x W: 8 7/8 x 3 7/8 in. (22.5 x 9.8 cm)
An informational pamphlet on the Ku Klux Klan written by William Joseph Simmons, Imperial Wizard. The cover of the pamphlet features a light-colored illustration and text against a dark background. The illustration depicts a hooded and robed figure holding a flaming torch aloft while riding a horse that is also hooded and robed. The text reads [THE / KU / KLUX KLAN / YESTERDAY / TODAY AND / FOREVER / THE "FIERY" SUMMONS / WILLIAM JOSEPH SIMMONS / IMPERIAL WIZARD]. The pamphlet contains a declaration and the Ku Klux Klan creed.
Objects depicting symbols of hate or related to organized hate groups may be offensive and disturbing, but the NMAAHC aims to include them in the Collection to present and preserve the historical context in which they were created and used. Objects of this type provide an important historical record from which to study and evaluate history and culture.
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
American South
Associations and institutions
Fraternal organizations
Reconstruction, U.S. History, 1865-1877
U.S. History, 1865-1921
White supremacy movements
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number
Restrictions & Rights
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.

Cataloging is an ongoing process and we may update this record as we conduct additional research and review. If you have more information about this object, please contact us at NMAAHCDigiTeam@si.edu

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