Oliver W. Hill, Jr. Oral History Interview

Created by
Civil Rights History Project, American, founded 2009
Interview of
Dr. Hill, Oliver White Jr., American, born 1949
Interviewed by
Cline, David P. Ph. D., American, born 1969
Subject of
Hill, Oliver White Sr., American, 1907 - 2007
Howard University, American, founded 1867
Marshall, Thurgood, American, 1908 - 1993
Houston, Charles Hamilton, American, 1895 - 1951
NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., American, founded 1940
Virginia State University, American, founded 1882
Moses, Robert Parris, American, born 1935
Algebra Project, American, founded 1982
August 17, 2013
Duration: 01:13:30
The oral history consists of five digital files: 2011.174.102.1a, 2011.174.102.1b, 2011.174.102.1c, 2011.174.102.1d, and 2011.174.102.1e.
Oliver W. Hill, Jr., Ph.D. discusses his father, civil rights lawyer Oliver Hill. He explains his father's childhood and education in Roanoke, Virginia, how he ended up at Howard University in the 1920s, where he was in the same class as Justice Thurgood Marshall and studied law under Charles Hamilton Houston. In the 1930s Oliver Hill, Sr. reunited with both of them to work for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, which was focused on challenging segregation laws. Hill, Jr. describes his own experience as a black student integrating a white school in Richmond, Virginia, attending Howard University, becoming a psychology professor at Virginia State University, and working with Bob Moses on the Algebra Project. He also discusses the education of African American children, school reform, and student testing.
LOC ID: afc2010039_crhp0102
Place collected
Petersburg, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted
Roanoke, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Richmond, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Collection title
Civil Rights History Project
Media Arts-Film and Video
Civil Rights Movement
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
American South
Associations and institutions
Civil rights
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)
Political organizations
Social reform
U.S. History, 1919-1933
U.S. History, 1969-2001
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in partnership with the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Object number
Restrictions & Rights
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture and The American Folklife Center, Library of Congress