Gloria Hayes Richardson Oral History Interview

Created by
Civil Rights History Project, American, founded 2009
Interview of
Richardson, Gloria St. Clair Hayes, American, born 1922
Interviewed by
Mosnier, Joseph Ph. D.
Subject of
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, American, 1960 - 1970s
Cambridge Nonviolent Action Committee, American, founded 1962
Frazier, E. Franklin, American, 1894 - 1962
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, American, founded 1963
Nation of Islam, American, founded 1930
X, Malcolm, American, 1925 - 1965
Duration: 01:32:37
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Collection title
Civil Rights History Project
Media Arts-Film and Video
Place collected
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted
Cambridge, Dorchester County, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
July 19, 2011
The oral history consists of five digital files: 2011.174.35.1a, 2011.174.35.1b, 2011.174.35.1c, 2011.174.35.1d, and 2011.174.35.1e.
Gloria Richardson recalls growing up in Cambridge, Maryland, attending Howard University, and joining Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) with her daughter, Donna, after returning to Cambridge and running her father's drug store. She recalls traveling to the South with her family to assist SNCC with voter registration, organizing the Cambridge Nonviolent Action Committee, assisting E. Franklin Frazier with research on African Americans, and marching in a protest where the police used cyanogen gas. She also discusses attending the March on Washington, her involvement with the Nation of Islam, and meeting Malcolm X.
LOC ID: afc2010039_crhp0035
American South
Associations and institutions
Civil rights
Social reform
United States--History--1961-1969
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in partnership with the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Object number
Restrictions & Rights
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture and The American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

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