Thomas Walter Gaither Oral History Interview

Created by
Civil Rights History Project, American, founded 2009
Interview of
Gaither, Thomas Walter Ph. D., American, born 1938
Interviewed by
Mosnier, Joseph Ph. D.
Subject of
Claflin University, American, founded 1869
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909
Congress of Racial Equality, American, founded 1942
Freedom Riders, American, founded 1961
University of Iowa, American, founded 1847
Medium
digital
Dimensions
Duration: 02:10:47
Type
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Place collected
Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted
Great Falls, Chester County, South Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Orangeburg, South Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Hollywood, Browar County, Florida, United States, North and Central America
Date
September 12, 2011
Description
The oral history consists of ten digital files: 2011.174.43.1a, 2011.174.43.1b, 2011.174.43.1c, 2011.174.43.1d, 2011.174.43.1e, 2011.174.43.1f, 2011.174.43.1g, 2011.174.43.1h, 2011.174.43.1i, and 2011.174.43.1j.
Thomas Gaither, Ph. D. recalls growing up in Great Falls, South Carolina, attending Claflin College, and leading the college's National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) chapter. He remembers the student sit-ins in Orangeburg, South Carolina, joining the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), and being arrested for protesting in Hollywood, Florida. He discusses organizing the Freedom Rides, his belief in nonviolence, and earning his Ph. D. in biology at the University of Iowa.
LOC ID: afc2010039_crhp0043
Topic
African American
Activism
American South
Associations and institutions
Civil rights
Education
Prisons
Resistance
Segregation
Social reform
United States--History--1961-1969
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in partnership with the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Object number
2011.174.43.1a-j
Restrictions & Rights
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture and The American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
See more items in
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title
Civil Rights History Project
Classification
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source
National Museum of African American History and Culture

NOTE: Cataloging is an ongoing process and we may update this record as we conduct additional research and review. If you have more information about this object, please contact us at NMAAHCDigiTeam@si.edu.