Ku Klux Klan robe from the Wilds Family Plantation

Created by
Unidentified
Owned by
Unidentified
Used by
Ku Klux Klan, 2nd, American, 1915 - 1944
Medium
synthetic fiber and metal snaps
Dimensions
H x W (flat): 51 1/4 × 34 in. (130.2 × 86.4 cm)
H x W (flat): 29 1/4 × 43 3/4 in. (74.3 × 111.1 cm)
Type
robes
Place used
Fernandina Beach, Nassau County, Florida, United States, North and Central America
Date
1915-1944
Description
A Ku Klux Klan (KKK) robe worn by a member of an undetermined rank. The calf-length robe is made from ivory synthetic satin and has full-length sleeves that are slightly flared near the cuff. The robe has a neckband that is lined with red satin and that closes with two sets of snap fasteners. Seven (7) snap fasteners run almost the full length of the button band at the center front. The robe has bands of red, white and blue ribbon sewn near the bottom of the robe approximately five (5) inches from the hem. There are single red ribbon bands at the cuff of each sleeve and running down the proper left and right sides of the button bands. The robe is not lined and there is a single, center back vent measuring 20.75 inches from the hem. There are ivory satin belt loops on each side of the waist. Sewn over the proper left breast is a machine embroidered patch with an ivory satin cross outlined in black against a red satin background with a “blood drop,” embroidered in red, oriented vertically in the center of the cross. The black lines on the patch form a cross with a black diamond in the middle of the cross. The design is typically referred to as the "Mystic Insignia of a Klansman" (MIOAK). The robe has an attached ivory synthetic satin semi-circular half cape with red synthetic satin lining. The half cape has a snap closure sewn to either side of the bottom, front corners.
Topic
African American
American South
Clothing and dress
Fraternal organizations
Men
United States--History--1865-1921
United States--History--1919-1933
White supremacy movements
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Wilds Family descendants of Nassau County, Florida
Object number
2012.27
Restrictions & Rights
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification
Clothing-Historical
Data Source
National Museum of African American History and Culture

NOTE: Cataloging is an ongoing process and we may update this record as we conduct additional research and review. If you have more information about this object, please contact us at NMAAHCDigiTeam@si.edu.