Composed by
Maywood, Geo.
Written by
Bodine, Lester
Published by
S Brainard's Sons Co., American, founded 1837
Printed by
San Francisco Examiner, American, founded 1863, American, founded 1863
Owned by
Sugg, Mary Elizabeth, American, 1839 - 1915
Sugg, Mary Elizabeth, American, 1839 - 1915
McDonald, Vernon Sugg, American, 1906 - 1982
ink on paper
H x W: 13 7/8 × 10 11/16 in. (35.2 × 27.1 cm)
Sheet music for song Ambolena Snow. The front cover of sheet music features an image of a caricatured African American woman in a green dress with a salmon jacket and hat. The woman is holding an umbrella in her proper left hand. Red and black type surrounds her and reads: [AN / AFRO-AMERICAN / MILITARY / BALLAD / BY / BODINE AND MAYWOOD / AUTHORS / OF / "MOLLY ON / THE / TROLLY" / PUBLISHED BY / PERMISSION OF / THE S BRAINARD'S SONS CO / CHICAGO. / COPYRIGHT / SECURED / IN / ENGLAND / SUP- / PLE- / MENT. / TO THE / SAN FRANCISCO / EXAMINER / SUNDAY / DEC. / 5 / 1897. / ALL / RIGHTS / RESERVED]. Underneath the woman a signature in black in reads: [KEANE]. The inside has two pages of musical bars and notes in black ink for the song Ambolena Snow. The credits under the title in black in read: [Words by Lester Bodine / Music by GEO. Maywood]. The song’s musical bars continue on the back cover.
Objects depicting racist and/or stereotypical imagery or language may be offensive and disturbing, but the NMAAHC aims to include them in the Collection to present and preserve the historical context in which they were created and used. Objects of this type provide an important historical record from which to study and evaluate racism.
Place printed
San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America
Place collected
Sugg McDonald House, Sonora, Tuolumne County, California, United States, North and Central America
Documents and Published Materials-Sheet music
Racist and Stereotypical Objects
sheet music
Band (Music)
Caricature and cartoons
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Sylvia Alden Roberts
Object number
Restrictions & Rights
Public Domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.

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