Printed by
Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co., American, 1851 - 1861
Subject of
Elmore, Franklin Harper, American, 1799 - 1850
Confederate States of America, 1861 - 1865
September 7, 1853
ink on paper
H x W: 3 1/16 × 7 1/4 in. (7.8 × 18.4 cm)
Exchange Bank of South Carolina five dollar note featuring a central image of a woman sitting next to a Grecian bust surrounded by flowers and shields. Above the illustration is the text that reads, [THE EXCHANGE BANK OF / COLUMBIA]. The text continues on either side of the illustration, [WILL / PAY / FIVE / DOLLARS / To Bearer / on demand. / Columbia / Dec. 18, 1853 / SOUTH / CAROLINA]. At the bottom are two signatures, on the left, [Pa V Scott Cashr.] and on the right, [Jas V. Lyles Prest.] Underneath Lyles' signature is the name of the printers, [Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. Phila & New York]. On the top right in an oval is a portrait of Franklin Harper Elmore. In the bottom left corner and top right corner are heavily designed circles with the number [5] in the center. At the bottom right is a portrait of an unknown woman. Surrounding the entire note is a border of the word [FIVE]. The back is blank except for the handwritten inscription, [GJ / 103 [underlined]].
Place made
Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Coins and Currency
american paper money
American South
U.S. History, Civil War, 1861-1865
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number
Restrictions & Rights
Public domain
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