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Cabin from Point of Pines Plantation in Charleston County, South Carolina

  • Image for Cabin from Point of Pines Plantation in Charleston County, South Carolina
  • Image for Cabin from Point of Pines Plantation in Charleston County, South Carolina
  • Image for Cabin from Point of Pines Plantation in Charleston County, South Carolina
  • Image for Cabin from Point of Pines Plantation in Charleston County, South Carolina
  • Image for Cabin from Point of Pines Plantation in Charleston County, South Carolina
5 images
Created by
Point of Pines Plantation, American
Medium
yellow pine, lath, and cypress shingles
Dimensions
H x W x D: 73 x 246 x 186 in. (185.4 x 624.8 x 472.4 cm)
Type
cabins (houses)
Place collected
Edisto Island, Charleston County, South Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Date
1853
Caption
The cabin was originally a two room, hall-and-parlor cabin with a loft accessible by ladder. The cabin had one door and three windows. A back door and an extra room were added after emancipation.
The Point of Pines Plantation Slave Cabin was one of two remaining slave dwellings on Edisto Island in 2013. The cabin was built on Charles Bailey's Point of Pines plantation in 1853 along with approximately nine other cabins of identical type. The lumber used to build the cabin was machine cut and shipped to the island. At this point, the cabins were assembled most likely by enslaved carpenters. The cabin is a one-story, rectangular, weatherboard clad building with a side gable roof which also acts as the overhanging porch roof. There is a single, exterior brick chimney on the west elevation.It was listed in the National Register November 28, 1986.
Description
The cabin is a one-story, two-room, rectangular, weatherboard clad building with an extended side gable roof which acts as the overhanging porch roof and a brick /masonry fireplace on the west elevation. The structure is a timber frame, meaning a heavy timber mortise and tenon, structure. It is composed of 6”x 6” sills of Southern Yellow Pine, 3” x 4” studs with 4” x 6” braces, topped with 4” x 6” plates and 3” x 4” rafters all of Southern Yellow Pine. Rafters are covered with lath and the structure originally had a cypress shingle roof; some pieces of shingles survive in the roof frame. The exterior was covered by Southern Yellow pine lap siding and painted with whitewash.
Topic
African American
American South
Architecture
Building Arts
Communities
Domestic life
Emancipation
Housing
Reconstruction (United States History, 1865-1877)
Slavery
United States--History--1815-1861
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of The Edisto Island Historic Preservation Society
Object number
2013.57
Rights
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Buildings and Structures
Exhibition
Slavery and Freedom
On View
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source
National Museum of African American History and Culture