Attributed to
Larkin, James E., American
Subject of
Hughes, William, American, born 1856
Hughes, Lucinda, American
Hughes, Fannie, American, 1860 - 1950
Hughes, Mary, American, born 1860
Hughes, Frances, American, born 1834
Hughes, Martha E., American, born 1857
Hughes, Julia Scott, American, born 1859
Hughes, Harriet, American, born 1852
Hughes, Charles W., American, born 1853
Hughes, Marshall M., American, born 1854
Volusia Plantation, ended 1896
Richards, Felix, American, died 1864
Richards, Amelia Macrae, American, died 1910
December 2, 1861 to March 10, 1862
albumen and silver on paper
H x W (Sheet): 5 1/2 × 8 1/4 in. (14 × 21 cm)
H x W (Mount): 7 15/16 × 10 in. (20.2 × 25.4 cm)
An albumen print on paper with a purple, reddish-brown hue depicting two adult women and seven children pictured, from left to right: William, Lucinda, Fannie (seated on Lucinda's lap), Mary (in cradle), Frances (standing), Martha, Julia (behind Martha), Harriet, and Charles or Marshall. Lucinda Hughes and Frances Hughes were sisters-in-law through Frances's husband David. The group is posed outside in front of bare trees, one woman is posed as if ironing. Baskets and a dog or doll house are placed around the group. The women and their children were enslaved at the time this photograph was taken on a plantation just west of Alexandria, Virginia, that belonged to Felix Richards. Frances and her children were enslaved by Felix, while Lucinda and her children were enslaved by his wife, Amelia Macrae Richards.
On the recto, an inscription is written in pencil on the paper mount below the image that reads: "Felix Richards slaves". On the verso, an inscription is written in pencil along the top center of the paper mount that reads "Felix Richards lived at 'Volusia' / Near Alexandria, VA." To the right of this inscription is more text written in pencil with a heavier hand that reads "101400 / 01-P-284". There is a pre-printed metallic oval on the verso.
Place captured
Volusia Plantation, Alexandria, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Photographs and Still Images
albumen prints
Domestic life
U.S. History, Civil War, 1861-1865
Credit Line
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number
Restrictions & Rights
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.

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